Gunung Lebah Temple is located on Jalan Raya Campuhan, Ubud Village, precisely west of the heart of Ubud and close to the Campuhan Bridge. Is not like other tourist attractions of the island of Bali that have a beach to trying marine sport rides, then in this place you will get a natural tour with religious and mystical nuances. Are you curious, aren’t you? So don’t go anywhere, let’s look at the following information.
The history of Gunung Lebah Temple is closely related to the origin of the name Desa Ubud. This temple was established which can not be separated from the arrival of the first rsi to Bali in the 8th century, namely Rsi Markandhya, based on the Lontar Markandhya Purana. In addition to building the Temple of Mount Lebah Ubud, he also helped build the largest temple in Bali, namely the Great Temple of Besakih in Karangasem, the Great Temple of Mount Raung in Taro Village and Pucak Payogan Temple in the Village of Lungsiakan Ubud.
Narrated on the journey of Rsi Markandhya from Mount Raung in East Java to Mount Raung in Taro Village, Tegallalang, to spread the teachings of Hinduism he came to a small hill that extends to the south and north, this hill is called Gunung Lebah which to the west there is a river flow Tukad Yeh Wos Kiwa (left) and east of the hill there is a river flow Tukad Yeh Wos Tengen (right), both rivers have a very clear water flow. The two streams meet in the southern part of Mount Lebah and the area is later called Campuhan. It was in this Campuhan that Rsi Markandhya established the Gunung Lebah Temple, he also held a hermitage and began to explore the forest to make settlements for his followers.
In accordance with Lontar Markandya Purana, the name of Sungai Tukad Yes Wos for the two rivers makes the name of the settlement of that period in accordance with the meaning of “Wos or Uos named Usadi, Usadi named Usada, and Usada named Ubad”. From the word Ubad is transcribed into “Ubud”.
Gunung Lebah Temple which is located in the Campuhan River valley which is the confluence of the two rivers of Wos Kiwa and Wos Tengen, has its own uniqueness compared to other temples which generally temples in Bali are always in a higher place in the mountains because it reflects the mountain which is the symbol of holiness. Although this temple is located in a river valley, its orientation remains towards the mountain, namely Mount Batur. The shape of the sacred building in this temple is that there are several meru (multi level tire roof), meru is a symbol of the mountain. At Gunung Lebah Temple Ubud, there are several meru that have different functions. This temple is now widely visited and is a special attraction for local and foreign tourists. This temple is also located the same as Campuhan Hill for jogging track (Campuhan Ridge Walk).
This temple was built in the open air which consists of several parts and is surrounded by a wall fence. Each part is connected by a gate (temple) with beautiful carvings. The structure of the Gunung Lebah Temple Ubud follows the concept of Tri Mandala (tri = three, mandala = part). This Tri Mandala is a symbol of Tri Bhuwana, namely:
1. Nista Mandala (Outer Courtyard) – symbol of bhur loka
2. Madya Mandala (Middle Courtyard) – symbol of bhuwah loka
3. Utama Mandala (Inner Courtyard) – symbol of swah loka
Nista Mandala is the outermost part which is the entrance to the temple. Before entering Nista Mandala, there is Candi Bentar which is decorated with the Dwarapala Statue, a guard figure in front of the gate gate. Each of the statues is named Nandiswara which is located to the right of the gate and Mahakala which is located to the left of the gate. The existence of both is associated with the power of Lord Shiva as one of the manifestations of God in Hinduism.
Madya Mandala is the middle zone where people have activities and supporting facilities. In this zone there are Bale Kul-kul, Bale Gong, Bale Pesandekan, and Perantenan.
Utama Mandala is the deepest zone, and is the most sacred place of this temple. To enter this place, people have to go through Candi Bentar again. In this zone there are Padmasana, Pelinggih Meru, Bale Peselang, Bale Piyasan, Bale Pepelik, Bale Panggungan, Bale Pawedan, Bale Patok, Bali Pangaruman and other Pelinggih.
The big Holy Day ceremony held at Gunung Lebah Temple is piodalan every 210 days, on the day of Buddha Keliwon Sinta, following the Balinese calendar which is 30 months, every month there are 7 days which are famous for Uku starting from Sinta, Landep, Kulantir up to Watugunung. As generally entering the sacred area, for tourists who come must wear traditional clothes. Other public temple ceremony anniversary in Bali please Read More.
Other interesting places located near by Gunung Lebah Temple and good to visit is Ubud Monkey Forest, Ubud Art Market, Campuhan Ridge Walk, Ubud Palace, Saraswati Temple, Bali Swing, Ubud Ayung River Rafting, Barong Dance, Batubulan Village, Sebatu Gunung Kawi Spring Water Temple, Tegenungan Waterfall, Tibumana Waterfall, Kintamani Batur Mount Volcano, Elephant Cave, Tegallalang Rice Terrace, Tirta Empul Spring Water Temple, Gunung Kawi King Memorial Tampaksiring, Bali Coffee Farm, Bali Bird Park, Celuk Village, Bali Zoo Park, Butterfly Park, Puseh Batuan Temple and Ubud Art Villages.
Gunung Lebah Temple is located on Jalan Raya Ubud number 23 to the west of Ubud Market close to Campuhan Bridge.